Novel Sexually Transmitted Fungal Infection Emerges in NYC

Novel Sexually Transmitted Fungal Infection Emerges in NYC
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Health author¬≠i¬≠ties are on alert after the first report¬≠ed case in the Unit¬≠ed States of a new sex¬≠u¬≠al¬≠ly trans¬≠mit¬≠ted fun¬≠gal infec¬≠tion was detect¬≠ed in New York City. 

Experts warn that this high­ly con­ta­gious strain, known as Tri­chophy­ton men­ta­gro­phytes type VII (TMVII), pos­es a grow­ing pub­lic health risk.

Accord¬≠ing to researchers from the NYU Gross¬≠man School of Med¬≠i¬≠cine, an uniden¬≠ti¬≠fied New York¬≠er in his 30s devel¬≠oped a severe rash on his penis, but¬≠tocks, and limbs after con¬≠tract¬≠ing TMVII.

The man had recent­ly trav­eled to Eng­land, Greece, and Cal­i­for­nia, and report­ed hav­ing inti­mate rela­tions with oth­er men dur­ing his trips, none of whom dis­closed sim­i­lar skin issues.

‚ÄúHealth¬≠care providers should be aware that Tri¬≠chophy¬≠ton men¬≠ta¬≠gro¬≠phytes type VII [TMVII] is the lat¬≠est in a group of severe skin infec¬≠tions to have now reached the Unit¬≠ed States,‚ÄĚ said Dr. Avrom S. Caplan, a der¬≠ma¬≠tol¬≠ogy expert at NYU.

The case study authors not¬≠ed that TMVII infec¬≠tions can be eas¬≠i¬≠ly mis¬≠tak¬≠en for oth¬≠er con¬≠di¬≠tions like eczema, which may delay prop¬≠er treat¬≠ment. While stan¬≠dard anti¬≠fun¬≠gal med¬≠ica¬≠tions like terbinafine can be effec¬≠tive, the infec¬≠tions can take months to ful¬≠ly clear up.

Wor¬≠ry¬≠ing¬≠ly, a dif¬≠fer¬≠ent fun¬≠gal strain known as Tri¬≠chophy¬≠ton indotineae, which has been wide¬≠spread in India, has also reached the US and often resists terbinafine treat¬≠ment. Researchers ana¬≠lyzed data on 11 NYC patients treat¬≠ed for T. indotineae, find¬≠ing that sev¬≠en did not respond to stan¬≠dard anti¬≠fun¬≠gal doses.

‚ÄúThese [ini¬≠tial] find¬≠ings offer new insight into how some of the fun¬≠gal skin infec¬≠tions spread¬≠ing from South Asia can evade our go-to ther¬≠a¬≠pies,‚ÄĚ Caplan said. ‚ÄúBeyond learn¬≠ing to rec¬≠og¬≠nize their mis¬≠lead¬≠ing signs, physi¬≠cians will need to ensure their treat¬≠ment address¬≠es each patien¬≠t‚Äôs qual¬≠i¬≠ty of life needs.‚ÄĚ

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