What is Perimenopause? Signs, symptoms and remedies

Most peo­ple know the word menopause, but the word menopause may not be well known.

Menopause is the ces­sa­tion of men­stru­a­tion due to low hor­mone lev­els, which usu­al­ly occurs between the ages of 45 and 55.

Per­i­menopause is the onset of symp­toms before men­stru­a­tion stops and usu­al­ly occurs in women between the ages of 40 and 44. It is usu­al­ly char­ac­ter­ized by changes in men­stru­al vol­ume and cycle length.

Menopause and péri­menopause can cause symp­toms such as anx­i­ety, depres­sion, fog, hot flash­es and irreg­u­lar peri­ods, accord­ing to the NHS. These symp­toms can begin years before men­stru­a­tion stops and con­tin­ue long afterward.

The NHS also stress­es that these symp­toms “have a sig­nif­i­cant impact on life, includ­ing rela­tion­ships and work”, and rec­om­mends vis­it­ing a GP to address them.

Per­i­menopausal symp­toms
Less­er-known symp­toms of menopause include:

men­stru­al flow
vagi­nal flo­ra prob­lems
Uri­nary-tract infec­tion
anx­i­ety, low mood or depres­sion
cog­ni­tive prob­lems
Sleep­ing dis­or­der
ener­gy prob­lem
thy­roid prob­lems
Heart symp­toms such as pal­pi­ta­tions and short­ness of breath
Skin changes such as dry skin, acne, itch­ing, and rash­es
Exer­cise becomes trou­ble­some
joint prob­lems
Increased sus­cep­ti­bil­i­ty to ill­ness and infec­tions
decreased libido
Oth­er symptoms

Symp­toms can last for months or years and can change over time, accord­ing to the NHS.

The NHS explains: “For exam­ple, hot flash­es and night sweats may improve, fol­lowed by depres­sion and anxiety.

“Symp­toms such as joint pain and vagi­nal dry­ness may con­tin­ue after men­stru­a­tion is over.

cop­ing with the effects of stress
Unfor­tu­nate­ly, menopausal symp­toms can appear soon­er the more stress you have.

Stress hor­mones are known to dis­rupt nor­mal ovu­la­tion pat­terns that pro­duce estro­gen and progesterone.

As a result, men­stru­a­tion becomes irreg­u­lar or men­stru­al irreg­u­lar­i­ties, which may already be a prob­lem after enter­ing menopause.

As such, stress is known to fur­ther affect menopause, so it’s impor­tant to find ways to reduce stress, experts say.

Hen­ri­et­ta Nor­ton, nutri­tion­al ther­a­pist, author, and founder of Wild Nutri­tion, says, “The fluc­tu­a­tions and declines in the hor­mones estro­gen and prog­es­terone can cause women to devel­op thrush and thrush because hor­mon­al changes affect the nat­ur­al envi­ron­ment of the vagi­nal ecosys­tem.” It makes them more sen­si­tive to symp­toms such as strange vagi­nal discharge.”

“If these symp­toms per­sist despite repeat­ed treat­ments, it is a sign of this stage.”

As for uri­nary tract infec­tions, Nor­ton adds, “It can hap­pen fre­quent­ly because hor­mon­al fluc­tu­a­tions and declines affect the uri­nary tract.”

“As estro­gen declines, the skin tis­sue may thin, so the vagi­na itself may feel del­i­cate and ‘burn­ing’, but this is more com­mon late in menopause than ear­ly in perimenopause. . ”

What to do if you have symp­toms of per­i­menopause
Some women vis­it a med­ical insti­tu­tion for menopausal symp­toms, but many of them have no sub­jec­tive symp­toms or sim­ply endure it.

Because the symp­toms come on grad­u­al­ly, many peo­ple are unaware that it involves the same set of hor­mon­al fluc­tu­a­tions as the menopausal transition.

If symp­toms begin to affect your life, such as severe depres­sion or sig­nif­i­cant changes in sex­u­al func­tion, it is high­ly rec­om­mend­ed that you talk to your doc­tor about cop­ing with them.

In addi­tion to vis­it­ing GPs, the NHS encour­ages peo­ple to eat more cal­ci­um-rich foods such as milk and yogurt, exer­cise reg­u­lar­ly, talk to peo­ple who are going through sim­i­lar expe­ri­ences and take care of their men­tal health. Advice.

It also rec­om­mends not smok­ing cig­a­rettes and not drink­ing more than the rec­om­mend­ed amount of alcohol.

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